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Resources for Teachers' Guide 
教 師 指 導 資 源

Metacognitive Teaching Strategies 

Metacognition is an ability that develops gradually through long-term learning activities, which increase according to age, from partly to integrate and non-consicous to conscious. (Yan, Jin & Hao, 1999; Pang & Lee, 2008) This proves the importance of metacognition teaching on assisting students to grasp the metacognitive learning strategies and contributing to a better academic achievement in students. Metacognitive instruction is essential in education on improving students’ problem-solving ability, and there is evidence in previous studies, especially on the monitoring and evaluating skills. (Hargrove & Nietfeld, 2014) Metacognitive instruction which has the focal point on monitoring and evaluation can provide students a better performance on training and transfer problem-solving tasks than other instruction approaches.


(Buyer, Dominowski & Rellinger, 1995) Garner introduces 4 suggestion on metacognitive teaching strategies which are:

  1. Introduce students with various strategy and the detailed explanation of each strategy application

  2. Value process during teaching

  3. Consolidate students on strategies adoption

  4. Guide students on practices (Pang & Lee, 2008)

Thus, more reference related to these 4 strategies will be listed at the following in order to understand thoroughly on metacognition teaching strategies on improving metacognition ability of students.

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彭新強  李傑江

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The impact of Metacognitive instruction on Creative Problem Solving

Ryan A. Hargrove, John L. Nietfeld

The Journal of Experimental Education, 2014, 291-318.



Metacognition and Successful Learning Strategies in Higher Education

Railean, Elena ; Elçi, Alev ; Elçi, Atilla

Hershey: IGI Global

IGI Global, 2017

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An analysis of research on metacognitive teaching strategies

Arthur K. Ellis, David W. Denton, John B. Bond

5th World Conference on Educational Sciences - WCES 2013

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Assessing the long-term impact of a metacognitive approach to creative skill development

Ryan A. Hargrove

International Journal of Technology and Design Education, 2013, 23, 489-517

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Metacognition, Learning and Instruction

Christine. B. McCormick, Carey Dimmitt, Florence R. Sullivan

Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition, 2012, 7

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